1. to cause to feel amazement or wonder
2. to encounter or discover unexpectedly or suddenly
3. to capture or assault suddenly and without warning
4. to present with something unexpected, such as a gift
5. (followed by “into”) to provoke (someone) to unintended action by a trick, etc.
6. (often followed by “from”) to elicit by unexpected behaviour or by a trick
7. the act or an instance of surprising; the act of taking unawares
8. a sudden or unexpected event, gift, etc.
9. the feeling or condition of being surprised; astonishment
10. (modifier) causing, characterized by, or relying upon surprise